Inventory of the Archives of the Receiver of Land Revenue, 1682 - 1830

Fonds Specifications

Context

Biographical History
After the treaty of peace with the Hottentots in 1677 the generally popular sport of hunting increased. This resulted in a sharp decrease in the amount of game and the fear of extinction. From 1680 hunting at certain times of the year was prohibited and when permitted, the colonists were required to obtain hunting licences issued by the Commander. [1]
To encourage emigration to the Stellenbosch district at the end of the seventeenth century, colonists were permitted to graze their cattle in the outlying districts provided permission was obtained from the Governor and registered with the Secretary of the Council of Policy. [2]
From 1703 the register of hunting licences in the series "Oude Wildskutte Boeke" included grazing licences. The title of the "Oude Wildskutte Boeke" was retained even after only grazing licences were registered.
Persons wishing to own a loan farm ( leningsplaas) obtained the necessary permission and on payment of 24 stivers ( "stuivers") (halfpennies) a written authority was granted by the Secretary of the Council of Policy, in which permission and the conditions to graze on the farm was contained. The permit had to be renewed annually and was only valid after payment of the 24 stivers. The Secretary noted the grant in the "Wildskutte" register and forwarded the authority to the official in charge of the district in which the farm was situated. [3]
On 20 December 1791 the first sworn clerk, George Frederik Goetz, was instructed to draw up a plan indicating the Company's main sources of revenue. [4]Goetz's report, laid before the Council on 20 February 1793, found the main sources of revenue to be:
  1. The quitrent paid for grazing rights.
  2. The quitrent paid annually for the land formerly on loan, but later granted to the inhabitants in ownership on condition that all subsequent owners pay the annual quitrent of 24 stivers.
  3. The quitrent of ninepence (4 skellings) for each morgen of land adjoining farms granted to the farmers on long lease tenure (erfpag) for 15 years and the option of extending the time.
  4. The tenth, twentieth and fortieth penny on the sale of immovable property and homesteads on loan farms known as " 's Heeren Gerechtigheeden".
  5. The money received from annual leases.
He further indicated that the income noted in the "Oude Wildskutte Boeke" comprised a sizable proportion of the Company's revenue.
The Commissioner also pointed out the impossibility of performing all the revenue tasks in the office of the Secretary of the Council of Policy and suggested the appointment of a special official with the title of Receiver or Bookkeeper of the General Revenue or something similar. His report also included several suggestions concerning the administration of the country's revenue. [5]
As as result of Goetz's report, the position of Bookkkeeper of the General Revenue (Bookhouder van de Generaale 's Lands Inkomsten) was created on 4 March 1793 and Oloff G. de Wet was appointed. [6]
The most important aspects concerning the receipt of land revenue were:
In terms of a proclamation of 10 October 1795, I.P. Baumgardt was appointed as the receiver of the revenue annually paid by farmers for permission to graze their cattle on Company's land as well as other land revenue. His title was Receiver of Land Revenue (Ontvanger van Landinkomste). [8]
This post was abolished on 31 December 1827 and the duties attached to it transferred to the Treasurer. [9]