Inventory of the Archives of the Magistrate of Stellenbosch, 1683 -
J.A. Mouton
©1940
Cape Town Archives Repository
This inventory is written in English.
Fonds Specifications
Title:
Inventory of the Archives of the Magistrate of Stellenbosch
Period:
1683 -
Fonds Code:
2/2
Extent:
167.80 lin m
Repository:
Cape Town Archives Repository
Record Creator (origination):
Landdrost and heemrade of Stellenbosch
Abstract:
The district of Stellenbosch was founded in 1679. In 1682 a Court of heemrade (4 inhabitants of the district) was established and in 1685 a landdrost was appointed who was chairman of the heemrade. The court of landdrost and heemrade acted as a judiciary body in all disputes concerning boundaries, roads and cases not exceeding 50 rixdollars. He also had civil responsibilities and was responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in the districts and to bring offenders to justice. The jurisdiction of the court was limited to cases involving land, vendu and financial disputes. The landdrost was further responsible for the distribution of land, receiving of land taxes, compiling of annual returns regarding inhabitants and property, education, promoting agriculture and religious adherence. He was in charge of the police and prisons in his district and had to see to the welfare of slaves and Khoikhoi. With the heemrade he formed a committee for solemnising and registering marriages.