Inventory of the Archives of the Magistrate of Swellendam, 1743 -
T. Knoll
©1939
Cape Town Archives Repository
This inventory is written in English.
Fonds Specifications
Title:
Archives of the Magistrate of Swellendam
Period:
1743 -
Fonds Code:
2/4
Extent:
78.50 lin m
Repository:
Cape Town Archives Repository
Record Creator (origination):
Landdrost and heemrade of Swellendam
Abstract:
A court of heemrade, similar but subordinate to that of Stellenbosch, was established with a deputy landdrost as secretary in the area of Swellendam in 1744. In 1745 an independent magistracy of the “Outlying Districts” was established. The court of landdrost and heemrade acted as a judiciary body in all disputes concerning boundaries, roads and cases not exceeding 50 rixdollars. He also had civil responsibilities and was responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in the districts and to bring offenders to justice. The jurisdiction of the court was limited to cases involving land, vendu and financial disputes. The landdrost was further responsible for the distribution of land, receiving of land taxes, compiling of annual returns regarding inhabitants and property, education, promoting agriculture and religious adherence. He was in charge of the police and prisons in his district and had to see to the welfare of slaves and Khoikhoi. With the heemrade he formed a committee for solemnising and registering marriages.