Cape Town Archives Repository
This inventory is written in English.
Archives of the Magistrate,
152.95 lin m
Cape Town Archives
Record Creator (origination):
Landdrost and heemrade
In 1780 an official was appointed as
"Commandant of the Lands in the East" and in 1786 the first landdrost was
appointed. The court of landdrost and heemrade acted as a judiciary body in all
disputes concerning bounderies, roads and cases not exceeding 150 rixdollars.
He also had civil responsibilities and was responsible for the maintenance of
peace and order in the districts and bring offenders to justice. The
jurisdiction of the court was limited to cases involving land, vendu and
financial disputes. The landdrost was further responsible fir the distribution
of land, receiving of taxes, compiling of annual returns regarding inhabitants
and property, education, promoting agriculture and religious adherence. He was
in charge of the police and prisons in his district and had to see to the
welfare of slaves and Khoikhoi. With the heemrade he formed a committee for
solemnising and registering marriages.