Inventory of the Archives of the Magistrate of Graaff-Reinet, 1781 -
N.N.
© n.d.
Cape Town Archives Repository
This inventory is written in English.
Fonds Specifications
Title:
Archives of the Magistrate, Graaff-Reinet
Period:
1781 -
Fonds Code:
2/4
Extent:
152.95 lin m
Repository:
Cape Town Archives Repository
Record Creator (origination):
Landdrost and heemrade of Graaff-Reinet
Abstract
In 1780 an official was appointed as "Commandant of the Lands in the East" and in 1786 the first landdrost was appointed. The court of landdrost and heemrade acted as a judiciary body in all disputes concerning bounderies, roads and cases not exceeding 150 rixdollars. He also had civil responsibilities and was responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in the districts and bring offenders to justice. The jurisdiction of the court was limited to cases involving land, vendu and financial disputes. The landdrost was further responsible fir the distribution of land, receiving of taxes, compiling of annual returns regarding inhabitants and property, education, promoting agriculture and religious adherence. He was in charge of the police and prisons in his district and had to see to the welfare of slaves and Khoikhoi. With the heemrade he formed a committee for solemnising and registering marriages.