Provisional Inventory of the Archives of the VOC Establishments Malabar, Coromandel, Surat and Bengal and Legal Successors (so - called "Dutch Records") (1647 - ) 1664 - 1825 ( - 1852)

Fonds specifications


Biographical history

Coromandel / Fishery Coast
The kantoor of Coromandel (more or less present - day Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) was managed by a Governor and Council. Until 1690 they were seated at Pulicat. Thereafter Nagapatnam served as the headquarters, but in 1784 Pulicat took over this position again. Textiles were the most important trading product. Two years after the Dutch first called at Coromandel, the earliest factory was established in 1605 at Masulipatam with permission of the Sultan of Golkonda. A great number of settlements followed, including Petapoli, Teganapatam, Thiruppapuliyar, Pulicat, Golkonda, Draksharama, Sadras, Jagannathapuram and Bimlipatam. Nagapatnam was conquered from the Portuguese in 1658. In addition to Golkonda, the VOC maintained relations with, for instance, Thanjavur, Gingee, Arcot, the Mughals and the Marathas. Masulipatam was lost to the French in 1750 and Nagapatnam to the British in 1784. In the 1790's, all the remaining factories were seized by the British. They were partly restored in 1818, with the headquarters at Sadras, to be finally handed over in 1825.
The VOC settlements on the Fishery Coast (under the Dutch administration stretching from Cape Comorin to Point Calimere) were managed by the kantoor of Ceylon (currently Sri Lanka), governed by a Governor and Council based at Colombo and Commandeurs (a kind of Governors, but with less territorial power) at Galle and Jaffna. The highest VOC authorities on the Fishery Coast were an Opperhoofd (chief - factor) and Council seated at Tuticorin. Other trading posts on the coast included Cape Comorin, Manapadu, Punneikayal and Kilakkarai. Textiles were the main commodity. The first factory, at Kayalpatnam, was set up in 1645. In 1758 and 1759 the VOC concluded treaties with the rulers of Ramnad and Madurai respectively. In 1796 Ceylon was surrendered to the British, but in 1818 the settlements on the Fishery Coast were returned to the Dutch and until 1825 administered from Sadras, then headquarters of the kantoor of Coromandel.