Provisional Inventory of the Archives of the VOC
Establishments Malabar, Coromandel, Surat and Bengal and Legal Successors (so -
called "Dutch Records")
(1647 - ) 1664 - 1825 ( - 1852)
The kantoor of Surat (more or less
present - day Gujarat) was managed by a Directeur
(a kind of Governor, but without territorial powers) and Council, based
at the town of Surat. The most important commodity of the area were textiles.
First Dutch contacts with the region date from 1602, but only in 1617, after
permission was obtained from the Mughals, did the VOC set up a permanent post
at Surat. Other factories were established at Bharuch, Ahmadabad, Vadodara,
Cambay, Burhanpur and Agra (Hindustan). Between 1673 and 1676, Vengurla also
belonged to Surat. During the years 1781 - 1784 and 1795 - 1818, the
settlements were taken over by the British, to be permanently transferred to
them in 1825.